__Chemisty the Central Science__9th Ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002

This course is comparable to the 8 credit freshman 100 and 101 (first and second semester) course at most colleges.

The only course requirement is completion of Algebra I and first year chemistry (either honors or regular). A more important requirement is the willingness work hard and fork regularly. Keeping up with the work is essential to success.

Unit A - Intro and Stoichiometry Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 24 (section 1)

*Students should be able to*

*Chapter 1*

- identify the states of matter and understand how the nanoscopic properties causes the macroscopic properties

- understand the relationships of and be able to distinguish between the terms; pure substance vs mixture, elements vs compounds, atoms vs molecules
- identify and use the following terms as related to mixtures; heterogeneous, homogeneous, solutions
- identify and understand the differences between chemical properties, chemical changes, physical properties, physical changes
- recall and use the following terms appropriately as related to properties; extensive and intensive, quantitative and qualitative
- perform metric conversions using the following metric prefixes; kilo−, deci−, centi−, milli−, micro−, nano−
- identify important temperatures on the Kelvin and Celsius temperature scales; freezing (water), room, (human) body, and boiling (water) temperatures
- identify volume as a derived unit and recall that 1 cm3 = 1 ml
- define density and be able to use in calculations
- compare and contrast accuracy and precision
- recall and utilize the formulas for percent error and percent yield
- understand the uncertainty in measurements and be able to identify significant figures as well as apply the rounding rules for calculations
- use dimensional analysis as a method to solving

*Chapter 2*

- recall a brief history of the Atomic Theory including scientists, their experiments, laws and theories, and their advancement to the overall theory

- Dalton

- Thomson

- Millikan

- Rutherford

- recall and compare/contrast the properties of alpha, beta, and gamma radiation
- identify the three subatomic particles in and atom, their relative masses, charges and location within the atom
- define electromagnetic forces and recall Coulombs Law
- know the term isotope and be able to perform simple calculations with isotopic data
- use mass number and atomic number to calculate the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons for different nuclides
- understand that molecular weight or atomic mass is an
*average*and and what it is an*average*of. - know the function of a mass spectrometer
- understand what is periodic about the periodic table and know that vertical columns are groups or families, and horizontal rows are periods.
- know the areas of metals and nonmetals on the periodic table.
- be able to use the term diatomic and list the diatomic gases.
- understand the information available using a chemical formula, structural formula, perspective drawing, ball & stick model, and space−filling model.
- write formulas for ionic compounds (using the periodic table and having memorized the list of common polyatomic ions) and name an ionic compound from its formula.
- name binary molecular compounds as well as acids.
- name and write formulas for hydrated salts.
- write formulas for simple alkanes, alkenes, alcohols.

*Chapter 3*

- state the Law of Conservation of Mass.
- balance chemical equations, understand why balancing is important, and correctly apply physical state symbols.
- predict products for synthesis (aka combination), decomposition, and combustion reactions.
- calculate molar masses (aka formula weights) and compute percent composition by mass
- understand the concept of a mole and be able to recall Avogadro's Number
- empirical and molecular formulas
- stoichiometry - limiting reactants, percent yield
- gravimetric analysis
- molarity
- complex ions

*Students should be able to*

- identify and utilize the four measurable properties of gases in calculations: volume, pressure, temperature, and mole
- convert between different temperature units (Kelvin and Celsius) be able to convert between different pressure units (atm, mmHg, kPa)
- recall and use the standard conditions as applied to calculations, STP
- recall and utilize molar volume in calculations, 22.4 L/mole at STP
- write the relationship between pressure and volume and be able to use in calculations (Boyle's Law)
- write the relationship between volume and temperature and be able to use in calculations (Charles' Law)
- write the relationship between pressure and temperature and be able to use in calculations (Gay−Lussac's Law)
- recall and be able to use Avogadro's Law in calculations (the relationship of amount of gas, moles, to pressure and volume)
- write and use the Combined gas law in calculations
- write and use the Ideal Gas Law in calculations
- recall and use Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures in calculations
- state the dependence of the speed of gases on their molar masses, understand root mean square speed, and use Graham's Law of Diffusion in calculations
- state the Kinetic Molecular Theory (KMT) as applied to gases

*Students should be able to*

*Students should be able to*

- Unit C - Thermochemistry and Thermodynamics Chapters 5, 13 (section 1), 19, and 20 (sections 5−6)

*Students should be able to*

*Students should be able to*

*Students should be able to*

*Students should be able to*

*Students should be able to*

*Students should be able to*

- resonance

*Students should be able to*

*Students should be able to*